Candletree (Excelsa)

The Candletree (Excelsa) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer and fall . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The Candletree (Excelsa) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a slow growth rate. At maturity, the typical Candletree (Excelsa) will reach up to 115 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 28 feet.

The Candletree (Excelsa) is not commonly available from nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by bare root, container, cuttings, seed. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have low vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 51°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Category
Growth Rate Slow
General Type Tree
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability No Known Source
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Summer
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Height When Mature 115
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Green
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Cuttings, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required No
Minimum Temperature 51
Soil Depth for Roots 42
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4.5–5.5 pH
Precipitation Range 80–80 inches/yr
Planting Density 170–300 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Fine
Soil Depth for Roots 42
Minimum Frost-Free Days 365 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database, plants.usda.gov.
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA