California Wildrose (Californica)

The California Wildrose (Californica) is generally described as a perennial subshrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer and fall . The California Wildrose (Californica) has green foliage and inconspicuous red flowers, with an abuncance of conspicuous red fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the fall and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The California Wildrose (Californica) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical California Wildrose (Californica) will reach up to 10 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 10 feet.

The California Wildrose (Californica) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by bare root, container, cuttings, seed. It has a moderate ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 7°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Subshrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Thicket Forming
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Height When Mature 10
Vegetative Spread Rapid
Flower Color Red
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Fall Fall
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Cuttings, Seed
Moisture Requirements High
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature 7
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 7–8 pH
Precipitation Range 11–11 inches/yr
Planting Density 1200–3000 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 6
Minimum Frost-Free Days 270 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA