Black Chokeberry (Melanocarpa)

The Black Chokeberry (Melanocarpa) is generally described as a perennial shrub. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer and fall . The Black Chokeberry (Melanocarpa) has dark green foliage and inconspicuous white flowers, with a smattering of conspicuous red fruits or seeds. The greatest bloom is usually observed in the spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are retained year to year. The Black Chokeberry (Melanocarpa) has a short life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Black Chokeberry (Melanocarpa) will reach up to 20 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 30 feet.

The Black Chokeberry (Melanocarpa) is easily found in nurseries, garden stores and other plant dealers and distributors. It can be propagated by cuttings, seed, sprigs. It has a slow ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -27°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Moderate
General Type Shrub
Growth Period Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Short
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Spring
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Colonizing
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 20
Vegetative Spread Moderate
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness Yes
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Cuttings, Seed, Sprigs
Moisture Requirements Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -27
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Regrowth Rate None
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 4–7 pH
Precipitation Range 16–16 inches/yr
Planting Density 600–2400 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Fine, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 24
Minimum Frost-Free Days 167 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA