Bishop Pine (Muricata)

The Bishop Pine (Muricata) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring and summer . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the mid spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until summer. Leaves are retained year to year. The Bishop Pine (Muricata) has a moderate life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical Bishop Pine (Muricata) will reach up to 90 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 35 feet.

The Bishop Pine (Muricata) is usually not commercially available except under contract. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a rapid ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have medium vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below 17°F. has low tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Tree
Growth Period Spring, Summer
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Moderate
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Contracting Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Mid Spring
Displays Fall Colors No
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Height When Mature 90
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color Orange
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Summer
Seed Spread Rate Rapid
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature 17
Soil Depth for Roots 42
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability No
Responds to Coppicing No
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.4–7 pH
Precipitation Range 20–20 inches/yr
Planting Density 430–1200 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Coarse, Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 42
Minimum Frost-Free Days 200 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance Medium
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention Yes
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating None

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA