American Chestnut (Dentata)

The American Chestnut (Dentata) is generally described as a perennial tree. This is native to the U.S. (United States) has its most active growth period in the spring . The greatest bloom is usually observed in the early summer, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall. Leaves are not retained year to year. The American Chestnut (Dentata) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a rapid growth rate. At maturity, the typical American Chestnut (Dentata) will reach up to 115 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 35 feet.

The American Chestnut (Dentata) generally appears in field collections and doesn't tend to be commercially available. It can be propagated by bare root, container, seed. It has a none ability to spread through seed production and the seedlings have high vigor. Note that cold stratification is not required for seed germination and the plant cannot survive exposure to temperatures below -33°F. has medium tolerance to drought and restricted water conditions.

Plant Basics
Growth Rate Rapid
General Type Tree
Growth Period Spring
Growth Duration Perennial
Lifespan Long
Plant Nativity Native to U.S.
Commercial Availability Field Collections Only
Physical Characteristics
Bloom Period Early Summer
Displays Fall Colors Yes
Shape/Growth Form Single Stem
Drought Tolerance Medium
Shade Tolerance Intolerant
Height When Mature 115
Vegetative Spread None
Flower Color White
Flower Conspicuousness No
Fruit/Seed Abundance Medium
Fruit/Seed Seasonality Summer Fall
Seed Spread Rate None
Gardening Characteristics
Propagations (Ways to Grow) Bare Root, Container, Seed
Moisture Requirements Medium
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Minimum Temperature -33
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Toxic to Nearby Plants No
Toxic to Livestock No
After-Harvest Resprout Ability Yes
Responds to Coppicing Yes
Growth Requirements
pH Range 5.5–6.5 pH
Precipitation Range 35–35 inches/yr
Planting Density 170–300 indiv./acre
Soil Textures Medium
Soil Depth for Roots 20
Minimum Frost-Free Days 150 day(s)
Salinity Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance None
Sustainability & Use
Leaf Retention No
Palatability Low
Fire Resistant No
Causes Livestock Bloating Low

Source: USDA, NRCS, PLANTS Database,
National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA