Create a plan. Decide where you want to plant your bamboo, including figuring out if you want to make a bamboo fence or if you simply want a grove of bamboo as an accent piece. Plan on planting in the late spring or early summer if you live in a colder climate.
Make sure you have enough plants to fill the space. Bamboo plants will fill in and spread on their own, so you can plant them sparsely to begin with, and let them fill in.
Create a barrier to keep the plants from spreading into areas you don't want them to grow in. Bamboo spreads from underneath the ground, so you will need to create a barrier around the area. This barrier is best made of polystyrene that is at least 40 millimeters thick, and at least 30 inches deep. Place this in the ground around the perimeter of the area you want the bamboo in, and pack the soil tightly around the barrier.
Spread several inches of mulch in the area you're going to plant your bamboo. Work it into the soil.
Plant the bamboo and water thoroughly.
Continue watering thoroughly and every day until the bamboo has reached the size you're looking for. After that, the plants can do with much less water. But, keep an eye on the leaves of your plants. If they begin to drop, they're standing in too much water.