Sugar cane requires a warm climate, with temperatures only slightly below freezing capable of killing off this plant. Temperatures between 70 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit are best for growing sugar cane.
Plant sugar cane in well-drained, nutrient rich soil. Excess nitrogen causes significant cane growth but lowers the sugar content of the plant.
Sugar cane requires regular moisture but does not perform well if it becomes overly wet or remains waterlogged for periods of time. Take care to keep the soil moist but not wet, especially immediately after planting and until the sugar cane shoots break above the ground. It is during this period of growth that sugar cane is most sensitive to excessive amounts of water, according to the University of Florida Extension.
Sugar cane grows well in full sun, according to the University of Florida Extension. Partial shade results in reduced overall growth.