- How to Make a Pallet Ramp
- How to Build a Ground Level Wooden Walkway
- How to Carve a Wooden Heart
- How to Build Small Wooden Bridges
- How to Waterproof Wood Legs
- How to Build a Wood Sandbox Around an Above Ground Pool
- How to Fasten Wooden Columns to Concrete Slabs
- Can I Plant Flowers Directly in a Wooden Box?
- How to Make a Wooden Carrying Case
- How to Make a Wooden Apple Crate
Whether you need a sturdy ramp to get a mower into the shed, or want to practice jumps with your bike, you can easily build a strong wooden pallet ramp to suit your needs. One wooden pallet, some spare 2x4 lumber and electric and hand tools are all that's required to construct a ramp as good as any you could buy.
A wooden walkway can create a natural pathway through your landscape. Although wood may not be as durable as stone or brick, it will complement the natural surroundings and provide a relaxing, organic space. Use cedar for the wooden log rounds that will make up the walkway. Cedar is naturally rot and insect resistant so it will hold up much longer than most other species of wood. You can make wooden stepping "stones" for your walkway by cutting thin slices off from a log. The slices or rounds can be laid on the ground to form a walkway similar to a stepping stone path.
Place the cedar log horizontally on a work surface. Saw off 1-1/2-inch thick slices from one end of the log with a chain saw. Cut off as many round slices as needed for the walkway.
Lay out the wooden log rounds onto the ground in the desired configuration for the path. Space the rounds close enough so that the average person can walk from one round to the next with ease.
Cut the sod around each wooden log round with a trowel. Set each round aside and remove the sod from underneath each round with a trowel. Add a 1/2 to 1 inch layer of sand where the sod was removed to assist in leveling the rounds. Lay each round back into place.
Position a level across the top of each wooden log round in the walkway. Tap the rounds lightly with a rubber mallet to adjust them so that they rest level on the ground.
Draw the outline of a heart on a piece of paper about 4 inches high and 4 inches wide. When you have the outline the way you like, cut off the excess paper so you have just the heart shape.
Transfer the paper heart to your 1 by 4 by 4 inch wood block by laying the heart on top and tracing around the heart, leaving the outline on the wood block. Turn the block over and do the same thing on the other side.
Using a wood-carving knife, begin taking small shavings off your redwood block. Small shavings will allow you to maintain control over the way the wooden heart is developing. Continue taking small amounts of wood off the block until you get to the outline you traced on the wood block. Once you get to the outlines, begin to round over the edges of your wooden heart by trimming with knife.
Sand wooden heart with a fine-grit sandpaper to take off any nicks or rough edges. You have just carved a wooden heart.
Position the two 4x4x96-inch landscaping posts parallel to each other approximately 48-inches apart. These form the bottom supports of the bridge.
Lay out each of the 1x4x48-inch deck boards so they rest on top of the landscaping posts. They should be perpendicular to the landscaping posts. These boards become the surface to walk across.
Using a tape measure, space each of the 1x4x48-inch deck boards ½-inch apart. Fasten the boards in place using a screw gun and two ½-inch deck screws. Screw down through each board into the landscaping posts. Space the screws 1-inch in from the end of each board. Place two screws in each board approximately ½-inch in from the side edge of each board.
Carefully lower the assembled bridge into position over the crossing. Once the bridge is in place on either side of the crossing, it is safe to walk across.
Place a pie pan under every wooden leg to be protected.
Place a nut in the pie pan and place the wooden leg on top of the nut in the pie pan (the nut places the wooden leg at the necessary elevation for soaking up the wood preservative).
Pour enough preservative into the pie pans so that the entire bottom of the wooden legs are submerged in wood preservative.
Allow the wooden legs to sit in the wood preservative overnight. Afterward, remove the legs from the pie pans and wipe off the excess preservative.
Wipe down the wooden legs with a clean cloth to remove all dust and dirt.
Apply the waterproofing sealant generously to the wooden legs with the paint brush. Brush in the same direction as the grain of wood.
Apply the sealant to the bottoms of the wooden legs, especially. Wooden legs draw moisture up from the bottom and this moisture will eventually ruin wooden furniture. Apply several coats to ensure protection.
Allow the sealant to dry for 24 hours before using the furniture.
Cut the 2 by 12-inch boards of lumber to the desired lengths to create the frame of the sandbox. If your above-ground pool is large, you may have to use more than one board for a side. Put these together end-to-end using a mending strap.
Make the frame using the 2-1/2 to 3-inch long nails to attach the boards at the corners.
Brace the corners using the 4 by 4-inch posts. Cut the 4 by 4 into four sections, approximately 11-1/2 inches tall so they sit inside the frame without sticking out over the top. Place one post at each corner and nail them into place, reinforcing the corner from the inside.
Cut the 3/- inch plywood into four triangular corners. Simply cut off the corners, making sure they are square. Match the edges along the corners of the sandbox and nail them down securely along the sides. This makes corner seats.
Fill the sandbox with sand.
Locate the area where the column is going to be installed on the concrete slab. Sweep the area and determine if it is flat. If the concrete slab has any large bumps in it, you may need to grind them down with a concrete grinder.
Place the steel or heavy aluminum mounting bracket in place on the surface of the concrete slab. Trace the holes of the bracket with a pencil. Remove the brackets from the cement slab.
Drill the marked bracket holes in the cement with a hammer drill that is fitted with a masonry drill bit.
Set the mounting brackets in place. Secure the bracket in place with masonry bolts and a wrench.
Attach the wooden column to the mounting brackets per manufacturer directions. Different types and brands of wooden columns will require different mounting brackets. Check the manufacturer directions before getting started.
A wooden box is a good container for flowers. Make sure the box has holes on the bottom for drainage. Drainage holes allow excess water to run freely from the planter. Planting flowers directly in a wooden box will gradually degrade untreated wood over time with exposure to soil and moisture.
Measure out and mark two 9-inch by 12-inch wood panels from your hardwood.
Measure out and mark another four 8-inch long by 3-inch wide pieces and four 12-inch long by 3-inch wide pieces.
Saw out the pieces you marked in Steps 1 and 2.
Line up the 3-inch by 12-inch pieces on the edge of one of your 9-inch by 12-inch boards. See Figure 1.
Screw the 3-inch wide boards onto the 12-inch edges at the edges and in the middle using the 3-inch screws. Do this for all of the 12-inch long sides.
Fit the 3-inch wide by 8-inch long pieces under the 9-inch wide by 12-inch long boards and between two of the lengthwise panels you screwed in Step 5. Screw them in using the 3-inch screws. See Figure 2. Do this with all the 3-inch wide by 8-inch long panels.
Stain and paint your wooden pieces. You should have two halves of a box.
Flip your box half onto its flat side, and screw in two hinges to your box using the 3/8-inch-long screws as shown in Figure 3. Do this for the other side.
Pick up a set of handles and a latch at a craft store. They should come with a set of plates to screw into the box.
Center one handle on the long side of the box, on the side opposite from the hinge, and screw it in with the 3/8 inch screws. Do this for the other side.
Center your latch between the handles and screw on your latch on either side of the box. See Figure 4.
Saw the plywood sheet into boards measuring 2 feet by 6 inches.
Spread some glue around the edges of the 2 1/2-foot square sheet and place boards along to bottom to make a frame.
Place four boards standing upright in the center of each of the square boards and hammer the upright boards onto the square boards. These will act as the reinforcement skeleton for the entire apple create.
Begin adding boards to the square, placing wood glue between the pieces and securing them to the reinforcing boards. Continue stacking until you have reached 2 feet high.