The ficus is one of the most popular indoor plants, comprising more than 800 species of trees, bushes and vine-like plants. The ficus is a tropical plant that has lush foliage and tiny fig fruits. The leaves are large, glossy and medium or dark green. Many ficus species yield large, edible figs, while others produce only tiny ornamental fruits. Ficus bushes are easy to grow and low-maintenance, enjoying normal indoor environmental conditions and minimal care.
Water your ficus deeply to evenly moisten the soil two or three times each week. Water your ficus on a regular schedule to keep the soil from drying out, using rainwater or distilled, chlorine- and fluoride-free water.
Position your ficus in bright, filtered light. You can place your ficus near a southern-exposure window, but ensure that the ficus isn't exposed to direct afternoon sun.
Maintain air temperatures around your ficus of 68 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and around 60 to 65 degrees at night. Keep your ficus away from drafts, heating or cooling vents and temperatures below 45 to 50 degrees.
Feed your ficus with a water-soluble or liquid 20-20-20 NPK (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) fertilizer once every two to three weeks throughout the growing season, according to the instructions on the label. Feed your ficus once per month at half the normal dosage during the winter.
Clean the ficus' leaves once or twice each month with a damp cloth to remove dust and insects that may collect on the leaves. You can also spray the ficus with a spray nozzle attached to your hose to give your ficus a "shower."