Vegetable growing provides you with fresh vegetables, which saves money on groceries and improves your health. Gardening sometimes isn't possible outdoors, especially if you live in an apartment building or a cold climate. Growing vegetables indoors offers the potential to have vegetables available year-round.
Place your vegetable plants in a room that isn't in contact with harmful pollutants such as cigarette smoke and gases released by cooking. A spare bedroom is adequate.
Install fluorescent lighting in the empty room. Aquarium lights make for excellent grow lights. Install the lights in the ceilings of your room or purchase them with accompanying stands of 6 feet in height.
Tear up carpet where the planters will be placed, or cover hard flooring with thick black or opaque plastic.
Arrange the grow boxes according to the look you desire and according to the size and shape of the room. Make sure the plastic is underneath the planter boxes.
Fill each planter with three parts peat moss to four parts organic potting soil. Only fill the planters about 3/4 full.
Plant a variety of vegetables in your indoor garden. Broccoli, romaine lettuce, tomatoes and zucchini grow well in indoor planters, as do carrots, turnips, beets, onions and garlic. Potatoes grow indoors, but the tubers must be planted in their own extra-large planter boxes.
Plant certain vegetables together in each of your planters. For instance, planting lettuce and onions together in one planter utilizes the space you have by incorporating a downward-growing plant with a surface-growing plant.
Water your indoor vegetable garden frequently, but do not overwater it. Administer approximately 1 gallon of water every two days per planter box. For a planter box containing potato tubers, water only once every five days with approximately two gallons of water.
Put the plants on a 12-hour cycle of fluorescent lighting every day. This allows for plants to receive simulated sunlight to improve growth.