How to Fertilize Bell Pepper Plants


Both experienced and novice gardeners can successfully grow sweet, green bell peppers in a home garden. Take care to protect the peppers from cold temperatures in the beginning of the growing season and from there these luscious vegetables require minimal care. Fertilize bell pepper plants with a starter fertilizer when you plant them and then use a balanced fertilizer after the plants set fruit in midsummer.

Step 1

Work the starter fertilizer into the soil as you prepare the planting area for the pepper plants. Consult the package recommendations for the fertilizer amount to use for the size of your planting area. Sprinkle the fertilizer over the soil and work it in well with the garden spade. Rake the soil smooth.

Step 2

Plant the pepper plants approximately 2 feet apart in rows spaced 2 feet apart. Cover the roots gently with soil. Provide generous water for the newly planted pepper plants.

Step 3

Apply 2 inches of mulch around the plants approximately two weeks after planting to help the soil stay moist and to keep weeds from developing around the plants.

Step 4

Brush aside the mulch when you notice the pepper plants setting fruit. Sprinkle the balanced fertilizer evenly over the soil around the pepper plants, consulting the package recommendations for amounts of fertilizer for the size of your growing area.

Step 5

Scratch the fertilizer into the soil with the hand rake, taking care not to allow the fertilizer to touch the plant foliage. Water the soil generously immediately after working in the fertilizer.

Step 6

Replace the mulch around the plants again.

Things You'll Need

  • Starter fertilizer
  • Garden spade
  • Rake
  • Pepper plants
  • Trowel
  • Hand rake
  • Balanced granular fertilizer (12-12-12)


  • The Ohio State University: Pepper Fact Sheet
Keywords: green bell peppers, fertilize bell pepper plants, balanced fertilizer

About this Author

Kathryn Hatter is a 42-year-old veteran homeschool educator and regular contributor to Natural News. She is an accomplished gardener, seamstress, quilter, painter, cook, decorator, digital graphics creator and she enjoys technical and computer gadgets. She began writing for Internet publications in 2007. She is interested in natural health and hopes to continue her formal education in the health field (nursing) when family commitments will allow.