Soil, fertilizer and water can be controlled, but the elevation of your garden cannot. Choosing tomato varieties that bear quickly can overcome challenges posed by higher elevations. Like all tomatoes, varieties that thrive in higher elevations can grow in all types of soils, but they prefer well-drained, loamy soil with a pH of 6.2 to 6.8. Fertilize the soil before planting and nitrogen at first bloom. Keep the soil moist but not soggy throughout the growing season.
A very early tomato recommended for high elevations, stupice produces small fruits that average about 2 inches across. They are known for their super-sweet flavor and abundant production, which more than makes up for the small size of the fruit. Stupice matures in 60 to 65 days and will continue bearing the entire season.
With 72 days to mature, Mother Russia is not one of the earliest tomatoes but is still suitable for the short growing periods of higher elevations. The plants produce a pink tomato, and the fruits are meaty and full of flavor. Mother Russia tomatoes are heart-shaped and typically weigh between 1/2 and 3/4 lbs., making them one of the largest tomatoes recommended for high elevations and short growing seasons.
With a sweet taste similar to stupice, urbikany also produces 2-inch tomatoes but on a compact vine, making it perfect for small gardens. It also grows well in containers, which can extend its production period by allowing the plant to be brought in at night when evening temperatures begin to drop. Urbikany tomatoes mature in about 58 days.
Known for its ability to tolerate cold and heat, prairie fire is suitable for growing in a wide variety of locations, including higher elevations. The first crop usually is the largest, but prairie fire will produce all season long. Fruits are bright red and about 3 inches across, weighing in around 1/4 lb., and have a tangy flavor that is only slightly sweet. Prairie fire matures in about 54 days.