Lawn & Shrubbery Care

Overview

Your landscaping often outlines your house creating a frame around it. A well cared-for yard not only enhances the look of your surroundings, it can also significantly increase the overall value of your property. Lawns and shrubbery are common elements used in American landscapes. Often your lawn covers the majority of your land and shrubbery is used around the outside of a house or as natural fences and wind barriers. Providing the proper care and maintenance for your yard requires careful planning.

Step 1

Use a shovel to add a layer of mulch 2 to 3 inches deep around the base of any shrubbery in your yard. Keep the mulch away from the shrub's trunk and spread it out at least 1 feet on all sides. This prevents weeds, retains moisture and slowly decomposes adding nutrients to the soil around the bush. Repeat this each spring, as needed.

Step 2

Provide enough water to your lawn and shrubbery during the growing season from spring to fall, if rainfall in your area does not. This amount will vary, depending on your location, type of grass/shrub and soil conditions. However, a good rule of thumb is to supply around 1 to 1.5 inches of water a week. Water the lawn and shrubs early in the morning.

Step 3

Use an irrigation system, such as sprinklers located around the yard that supply equal amounts of water throughout to avoid getting bare or brown spots. Use sprinklers or soaker hoses placed around the shrubs.

Step 4

Apply fertilizer on a set schedule according to your grass (shrub) type and specific soil conditions for best results. Contact your local garden center or local extension office for soil testing and fertilizer information. The fertilizer required will depend on the test results.

Step 5

Mow your lawn to a height of 2 to 3 inches, but never cut more than one-third of its overall height. Cut the grass each week or longer, as needed to maintain the correct height. The grass will require more mowing during the growing season than in early spring and late fall.

Step 6

Use pruning shears to remove any broken, old or diseased branches on shrubbery at any time during the year. Trim the top of the shrub narrower than the bottom and shape as desired.

Step 7

Inspect your lawn and shrubs regularly for any signs of pests, diseases or weeds. Look for changes in the color, new growths, brown spots or other alterations in the appearance of the plants.

Step 8

Identify the exact problem with the help of your local nursery or extension office. Treatment, control and removal of any found problems would vary, depending on the precise cause.

Things You'll Need

  • Water source
  • Irrigation system
  • Mulch
  • Shovel
  • Fertilizer
  • Mower
  • Pruning shears

References

  • Plant-Care: Lawn Care Tips
  • University of Florida Extension: Shrub Care
  • Virginia Cooperative Extension: Shrubs

Who Can Help

  • The Lawn Institute: Education
  • Yardener: General Shrub Care
  • University of Illinois Extension: Lawn Care
Keywords: maintenance for your yard, lawn and shrubs, water your lawn

About this Author

Diane Dilov-Schultheis has been writing professionally since 2000. She is a food and travel writer who also specializes in gaming, satellites, RV repair, gardening, finances and electronics. She is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists and has been published on Yahoo!, the Travel Channel and Intel.