Although many homeowners and landscape specialists treat moss in lawns as common weeds, these minuscule plants create an attractive ground cover in many locations. These tiny plants thrive in many areas too moist and shady for many types of grass. Moss, like fungi, thrives without the assistance of roots or supporting tissues. These small plants reproduce through vegetative cuttings and spore production. Achieving a healthy lawn of moss requires adequate soil nutrients and favorable climate conditions.
Remove all existing vegetation and debris from your selected site. Choose shady areas and damp segments of the landscape for planting moss. Rake up leaves and pull out weeds neighboring the planting site to reduce the chances of weed infestation during early growth.
Test the soil in your planting site to determine the existing health of your soil. Follow the instructions provided with the soil test to obtain your test sample. Check the pH level listed on your test results. Moss thrives in soils with a pH between 5.0 and 5.5.
Add a little sulfur to soil compositions with test results above a pH level of 6.0. Apply elemental sulfur or ammonium sulfate at a rate of about 5 pounds for every 1,000 square feet of surface soil. Follow the manufacturer's instructions when applying sulfur to topsoil.
Lightly water your soil prior to planting moss. Broadcast the moss spores across the moistened soil by hand or with the help of a seed broadcaster. Due to their minuscule size, moss spores require the addition of fine-grain soil to provide even coverage when seeding. Add equal amounts of moss spores and soil, sprinkling evenly over the surface of the prepared soil.
Keep soil slightly moist during germination and establishment. Use a mist sprayer attachment on your garden hose to provide a gentle and even distribution of water over your moss lawn. Apply water as often as necessary to maintain slight moisture in the uppermost inch of the topsoil.