Growing vegetables at home is a rewarding pastime that allows home gardeners to supply their households with nutritious food. In Texas, the heavy clay soils and harsh summer sun present obstacles to growing vegetable gardens. Texas A&M University's AgriLife extension advises hopeful vegetable gardeners in Texas to grow vegetables in containers instead of in the ground.
Select containers in a variety of sizes and shapes. According to EdibleContainerGardening.com, all vegetable plants will grow in containers. Texas A&M University even suggests using small trash cans to grow vegetables in. If the containers do not have drainage holes in them, create holes on the bottom with a drill or sharp knife.
Purchase vegetable seeds or seedlings. Consider choosing at least one new vegetable that you or your family have not tried before. You might just find a new healthy favorite!
Fill the containers with potting mix. Don't fill the container all the way to the top; leave the top inch or two of the container empty, so that you won't lose any soil to splashing when you water.
Plant the vegetable seeds or seedlings in containers that will accommodate the full-sized plant. Texas A&M University suggests using 5-gallon containers to grow crops like tomatoes, eggplant and pepper plants.
Provide support for plants that grow tall or vining, such as tomatoes and cucumbers. Cages or bamboo poles and twine provide all the support that is needed. Slide the poles or cages into the soil in the container around the plant seedling.
Place the containers in an area of your yard that receives at least six hours of sunlight each day. During the brutally hot summer months, move the containers to an area where they receive filtered sunlight all day (such as under a tree with a light canopy, like a mesquite tree).
Keep the soil moist, but not wet. Water the containers when the top inch or two of soil is dry to the touch.
EdibleContainerGardening.com advises container gardeners to drag the containers into a garage or patio during the fall when the temperatures reach 40 degrees Fahrenheit. During times when freeze warnings or heavy rains are predicted, bring the containers indoors (or into a garage) with grow lights or lamps providing a light source.