Gardeners dabbling in hybridization may enjoy exploring the world of pollinating oriental lilies. With their large and striking blooms in a variety of styles and colors, oriental lilies make ideal flowers to use to pollinate for hybridization. When you artificially pollinate oriental lilies, you can create a brand new variety of oriental lily using two existing oriental lilies in your garden. The process of pollinating lilies is simple and straightforward, thanks to the design of these flowers.
Decide which oriental lily plant will be the "pod parent" (the plant you will pollinate) and which oriental lily plant will be the "pollen parent" (the plant with the pollen for pollinating).
Watch for a bud to begin nearing the time it will open on the pod parent. Choose a blossom that is just about to open and gently pry open the petals of the flower so you can find the anthers inside the blossom. The anthers are on the ends of long stalks in the center of the blossom. Carefully clip the anthers off the ends of the long stalks to prevent the pod parent from self-fertilizing.
Place the cotton bag over the blossom. The cotton bag will prevent bees, wind and birds from pollinating the blossom, yet the cotton fabric will allow air to flow to the blossom.
Remove the bag every day and look for evidence that the flower is ready for pollinating. When you see an oozing gel on the stigma at the center of the flower, the flower is ready for pollinating.
Clip off the anthers from the pollen parent and hold them securely in the tweezers so you do not lose the pollen from the tips of the anthers.
Rub the pollen on the end of the anthers generously over the stigma of the pod parent flower, covering the entire area thoroughly.
Place the cotton bag back over the flower and leave it there for two to three days to allow for fertilization. Remove the bag when the flower petals wilt.