Some trees produce edible nuts, while others provide beauty and shade in the landscape. The beech tree (fagus grandifloria) fills both these important roles in yards and parks. These trees grow as tall as 80 feet in ideal conditions, with a trunk diameter of approximately 2 to 3 feet. The slender beach tree exhibits small blossoms in the spring. Triangular nuts take the place of these blossoms as the summer progresses. You can plant beech trees in your yard for ornamental beauty and homegrown nuts.
Provide a sheltered location for your beech nut trees. Select an area that provides protection from high winds and intense sunshine. These trees require well-drained soil in cool areas. Choose a location away from large structures, driveways and sidewalks, and other desirable plantings, as these trees spread through suckers and may become invasive in some areas.
Test the soil in your selected location to determine necessary soil amendments. Purchase your soil test kit at a gardening center or university extension office. Follow the instructions when collecting the soil for your test sample. Add any amendments recommended by the results of your soil test before planting your nut trees.
Loosen the soil in the planting site to a depth of 1 foot and a width equal to about five times the diameter of the beach tree’s pot. Do not remove this soil; just turn it numerous times with a garden shovel to provide a wide circle of loose soil for emerging roots.
Dig a hole in the middle of your loosened soil for your nut tree. Make the hole deep enough to allow placement of the surface of the root ball even with the surrounding soil. Gently remove the root ball from the pot by grasping the edges of the root ball and lifting from the pot. Avoid pulling the tree by its trunk or branches.
Place your beech nut tree in the prepared hole and backfill it with soil, tamping down the soil above the root ball. Water the tree well and place a layer of mulch over the surface of the buried roots. This variety of tree requires adequate moisture during the growing season. Apply water frequently during droughts and windy periods. Keep the soil slightly moist for maximum health.
Remove small sucker shoots as they appear near the base of your beechnut tree. Transplant these suckers in other locations to provide additional growth and beauty to numerous areas of your landscape.