Bermuda is a very hardy grass which is prized by many homeowners as the prefect lawn grass. Bermuda is a Southern grass, growing best in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 12 and is especially adapted to zones 7 through 10, thriving best in warm climates. Once established, Bermuda requires little care and is extremely hardy. It is an excellent choice for high-traffic areas. Keep in mind that once established, Bermuda can be very difficult and time-consuming to remove, so consider your choice of Bermuda carefully. Planting Bermuda grass seed is something most homeowners can do on their own.
Rake your existing lawn with a hard-tined steel rake to remove any thatch and as much of the current lawn as possible, although it is not necessary to remove all of the existing vegetation. Bare patches of ground are a plus.
Spread at least 1/4 inch of high-nitrogen organic fertilizer on the ground. Use at least 1 pound of fertilizer per 1,000 square feet.
Use a seed spreader to uniformly spread Bermuda seeds on top of the nitrogen fertilizer. Spread 1 pound of seeds per 1,000 square feet. Spread another 1/4 inch of nitrogen fertilizer on top of the seeds to protect them from birds. If seeding during the spring or summer use hulled Bermuda seeds to encourage rapid growth and establishment of your lawn. If planting in the fall or winter, use un-hulled seeds so that germination will be delayed until the soil warms in the spring.
Sprinkle the lawn with water and keep the ground moist but not soggy until seeds sprout. Hulled seeds should sprout within seven to 14 days, depending on weather conditions, but un-hulled seeds could take one to two months to sprout, depending on the temperature in your area. Seeds need a ground temperature of at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit to sprout.
Do not mow for 21 days after seeds have sprouted. Set your mower between 3 and 3 1/2 inches for your first few mowings. After that, set your mower to 3 inches. Bermuda will crowd out most other vegetation once it is established.