Aloe is an indoor gardener's dream. Aloe sits quietly in its container, looking beautiful and demanding very little in return. As easy as aloe is to grow, the plant is even easier to reproduce from small plantlets, or "pups," that grow at the base of the aloe plant. Once the plantlet is at least 2 inches tall, it's big enough to be separated from its parent and planted in its own container. For the best chance of success, propagate aloe in spring or summer.
Moisten the soil around the aloe plant lightly before you begin. The aloe plantlets will be easier to remove from moist soil. Sterilize a sharp knife by wiping it with rubbing alcohol. Cut a plantlet carefully from the parent plant.
Dip the cut edge in powdered rooting hormone, then place the plantlet on a paper towel and set it aside for two or three days. When the cut edge has formed a callus, the plantlet is ready to plant.
Fill a planting container with a mixture of 75 percent sand and 25 percent commercial potting soil. Mix in a teaspoon of all-purpose granular fertilizer for every 2 cups of potting mixture. Water the potting mixture so the mixture is just slightly damp clear through.
Place the plantlet in the container and bury it deeply enough that the plantlet will stand upright. Put the container in bright, indirect sunlight.
Water the soil lightly when the top of the soil feels dry. Be careful not to over-water, as succulents are prone to rot if the soil is too soggy. The plantlet will get plump when it roots, and will display new growth. The plantlet should root in four to six weeks.