Caring for your grass in the spring is crucial to keep a healthy lawn throughout the spring and summer seasons. Spring grass care prepares the lawn for the growing season, allowing the lawn to thrive under most conditions for your area's climate.
Spring grass care starts with healthy soil. Soil tests are usually available at a nursery or garden store. The test kit shows if certain nutrients for a lush lawn are missing. If a specific nutrient is missing, choose a fertilizer higher in the missing nutrient. If the soil is healthy, fertilize the lawn with an all-around lawn fertilizer.
Mowing is an important part of spring grass care. Lawns can get stressed by cutting the grass too short--this goes for spring mowing and summer mowing. Different types of grass require different mowing heights, especially in areas that are hot and humid. The shorter that the grass is cut, the more stressed the lawn becomes, which, in turn, makes it easier for disease and pests to infect the lawn. Also, a stressed lawn allows weeds to grow into the lawn.
To help the lawn stay fertile, even in the hot, summer months, watering the spring grass is important. Thorough watering encourages deeper rooting, which also means healthier grass, as the roots benefit from the nutrients deep in the soil.
Water the lawn in the spring, after the last frost. Water one to two times weekly, giving the lawn at least an inch of water each time you water. If you overseeded during the fall or early winter, watering in the spring every day is important, to give the seed time to germinate. If you did not overseed during the winter, watering twice a week in the spring allows the dormant grass to grow faster, for a healthier lawn.
Spring grass lawns benefit from de-thatching in the spring. De-thatch the lawn every other spring season. Grass cuttings, leaves and other debris does not always get raked up. The de-thatching process removes the layer of grass cuttings and other debris, which allows more water to soak the soil, rather than sitting on top of a layer of debris. The early spring grass will better benefit from the extra water, sun and nutrients that might be denied because of a layer of debris covering the soil.
The lawn should be aerated every spring. This process loosens the soil, which allows more air and water to reach the roots. With more air and water, the roots become stronger, making a stronger, healthier lawn. The stronger that the lawn is, the better it can repel disease, pests and weeds.