Because the aloe is a succulent, it stores a lot of water in its leaves, making them thick and juicy. The leaves manufacture a smelly sap, or gel, that has a variety of uses, from medicinal to cosmetic. The aloe is an easy plant to grow and will tolerate a lot of neglect. If grown in their USDA hardiness zones, 9a to 11, aloe plants will thrive will little more than sunshine and an occasional squirt of water.
Choose a sunny location in the garden in which to grow your aloe plants.
Amend the soil by placing a 3-inch layer of compost and a 3-inch layer of sand on top of it and use the garden fork to mix it down to a depth of 8 inches.
Plant the aloe in a hole the same depth and twice the width of the pot in which it is growing.
Water the aloe until the water puddles and keep the soil moist for the first two weeks after planting. After that the soil should be soaked and then allowed to dry out prior to watering again. In the winter, allow the soil to dry completely and then give the plant 3 to 4 inches of water.
Fertilize the aloe plant in the spring by diluting, to half strength, a 10-40-10 fertilizer and applying it to the soil around the base of the plant.