Bermuda grass is suitable for people living in the southern United States, as it withstands optimum rays of the sun and survives without water for weeks. This drought-resistant grass cannot withstand the shade, which is why it is a favorite with people living in hot and humid climates. Bermuda grass is a low-growing grass that spreads quickly to cover the area, and withstands harsh treatment from pets, or being walked upon, which is why it is mostly used for golf courses, athletic fields and lawns. Bermuda must be watered, mowed and fertilized properly.
Plant seeds for coarser Bermuda grass types or hybrids at the rate of 1 1/2 to 2 pounds per 1,000 square feet, or install sod. You can also grow Bermuda grass by sprigs or plugs, but these take longer to establish as compared to sod that provides an instant lawn.
Water an established Bermuda lawn grass an inch deep every five to seven days, even when it is dormant. Water the grass deeper if you notice the blades wilting, folding or curling. Water new sod 1/4 inch two times a day for the first three weeks, and taper it off to 1/2 inch two to three times a week.
Mow Bermuda lawn grass down to 1 1/2 inches with a reel-type mower, but you can also use a rotary mower if you have one. Maintain your grass by mowing it once a week during growing season.
Apply a fertilizer formulated for Bermuda grass in late May, after the grass turns green. Use 1 lb. of nitrogen for every 1,000 square feet of lawn. Fertilize again eight weeks after the first application, and then again eight weeks later. Prepare the lawn grass for winter by fertilizing again in early October.
Apply herbicides to control weeds, provided the grass is actively growing and not suffering from drought stress. Follow manufacturer's directions for application.
Apply a fungicide formulated for Bermuda lawn grass if you see small, circular dry spots that occur after spring green-up. This indicates dollar-spot disease.