Pecan trees are native to North American, mostly found in areas that are subtropical. They grow very large and produce large and popular nuts. These trees are difficult to grow properly because they need a great deal of water in order to engage in effective nutrient absorption and also need a large amount of sunlight in order to carry out photosynthesis fully.
Pecan trees are from North America, with pecan growing areas between Texas and Illinois. Pecans have been used extensively in Native American cooking, often being mixed with meat and pressed into oils. Pecans have been crossbred in order to make the pecan nuts much larger.
Pecan trees can be grown from seeds, which are the least expensive, but they take the longest to grow, with the time frame usually two to four years. Areas that are prone to flooding are usually the best places to plant pecan trees because transplanting pecan trees to flooded areas often doesn't work.
The pecan tree is a perennial, long-term plant, meaning it must be maintained between May and November. Pecan trees need other pecan trees in order to pollinate because the male and female flowers of the pecan tree do not bloom at the same time. Pecan trees can grow to be 70 to 100 feet tall.
Fertilizer used on pecan trees must be dissolved in water in order for the trees to absorb it through the roots. The nutrients must be evenly distributed and the soil must have plenty of water and oxygen. Pecan trees need an enormous amount of sunlight in order to optimally engage in photosynthesis. They do not seem to have a point where they can have too much sun. The heavy need for sun can cause problems when cloudiness prevents adequate sunlight.
While pecan trees can grow in some northern U.S. states, they grow best in the South. Pecan trees can survive in less than optimal conditions, but long-term production will be severely limited if the pecan tree does not have the best soil. Heat and wind help transpiration, which increases the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed. About 25 to 50 percent of soil should be porous; the roots need to extend broadly in order to collect water. Pecan trees need a lot, and water is also needed for the healthy development of pecan nuts. A shortage will limit the growth of the pecan tree, and the poor nutrient absorption will cause the pecans to lack nutrients. The roots also need water to grow.
The main disease that harms pecan trees, according to the University of Arkansas, is pecan scab, which leads to a malformation of the nuts. Stinkbugs will cause black spots on the inside of the pecan nut, and casebearers will cause small worms there.