Fig trees, known botanically as Ficus carica are a fruit tree common to most regions in the state of Texas. Many cultivars of common fig are grown successfully in central Texas. Nearly all will thrive when planted in semi-protected sites or near structures, often referred to as dooryard plantings, versus open orchards. In central Texas, fig trees will require regular irrigation, full sun exposure and temperatures consistently above 10 degrees F.
Celeste is the fig that can tolerate the coldest temperatures and is ideal for fresh raw, dried and preserved eating. It is brown to purple black in hue and the fruit are ripe for harvest in the early summer ahead of other single season fig cultivars. It is resistant to invasion of the dried fruit beetle through the stem eye, which lessens crop loss and overall infestation.
Texas Everbearing fig, most commonly known as Brown Turkey, is a cultivar of common fig that is most popular fig grown in Central Texas. The tree produces three flushes of fruit beginning in May, again in late June and then in August. The figs are almost without seeds, roughly 2 inches in size and considered to have a mild, sweet fig taste.
Magnolia fig cultivars, including the varieties Madonna, Dalmatia and Brunswick, is a desired cultivar for commercially preserved figs. It can split and spoil in very wet weather which is not as much of a problem in the central portion of the state. Magnolia cultivars can recover well from occasional freezing temperatures. The fruit are mid-size to large and the skin is brown in hue and the interior flesh a golden hue. It will fruit readily on old and new wood, making it a prolific producer.