Vitamins and minerals make potatoes nutritionally dense. Some vitamins and minerals in potatoes include vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin A, vitamin K, copper, potassium, manganese, folate and phosphorous, according to nutritiondata.com. Additionally, potatoes are rich in natural dietary fiber and antioxidants. Gardeners can easily and inexpensively propagate seed potatoes to produce this vegetable.
Select an approximate date you anticipate planting the seed potatoes in the garden. According to the website The Garden Helper, potatoes need soil temperatures of 45 F or higher to grow. Begin this gardening project approximately two weeks before the date you wish to plant the potato seeds.
Select one to dive fresh potatoes with nodes to use for the seed potatoes. Examine potatoes for bruising, rotten spots or damage. Discard any potatoes that are not in good condition.
Place an appropriate sized bulb in a plant grow light. Plug in and turn the light on in a warm location.
Set the potatoes 2 inches apart under the plant grow light. Leave potatoes under the grow light for approximately two weeks. Examine the nodes for green and yellow sprouts.
Turn off the grow light. Remove potatoes. Place them on a cutting board. Cut a square around the sprout with the serrated knife. Make squares approximately 2 inches in size.
Discard remaining parts of the potatoes.
Turn on grow light. Set potato seeds under the light for 24 to 48 hours, allowing cuts to seal and callous.
Plant potato seeds outdoors in a sunny area. Water the soil until wet, but not soggy.