Greenhouse growing is an effective way to grow healthier plants outside your home. Greenhouses help stabilize a garden's environment, strengthening the plant's natural defenses that protect it from diseases and parasitic pests. Greenhouses house home gardens and crops and can be designed to hold many plants or a large number of the same type of plant.
A greenhouse is a structure built specifically for housing and protecting plants. Greenhouses can be simple, practical structures designed as growing rooms, or they can be aesthetically pleasing rooms designed for displaying plants. One type of greenhouse is the conservatory, a plant and gardening room built as an addition to a building like a home, office, or library.
Greenhouse growing allows a gardener to control the temperature and humidity of the environment around his plants. A greenhouse can protect plants from weather-related damage like cold, hail, wind and many pests. Greenhouse-grown plants enjoy a longer growing season, and edible plants grown in a greenhouse produce a larger, healthier crop. In arid areas, greenhouse gardening can reduce the amount of watering needed.
Use a greenhouse to extend favorite plants to a year-round season. Types of vegetables which thrive in greenhouses in include tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and cucumbers. Decorative flowers which take well to greenhouse life include fuschias, freesias, cyclamen and geraniums.
Greenhouses are usually made of plastic, glass and metal or wood. Contractors can design and build greenhouses of any size to fit the needs of the property and the plants grown inside. Standard pre-built greenhouses from home supply stores are usually made with about 48 sq. ft. of floor space. More elaborate greenhouse designs contain heating, cooling, insulation and automatic watering features.
When designing a greenhouse for growing plants, light is an important consideration. Large, tall buildings, shade-producing hills or trees that shade your greenhouse can have an adverse effect on the growth of greenhouse plants, especially those which thrive on bright light. A north-positioned greenhouse is likely to receive little direct sunlight. Positioning your greenhouse building to the east or west of a structure can ensure that the greenhouse receives good morning or afternoon light.