A wide variety of blooms offer a visual feast throughout the fall. Both annual and perennial fall favorites can provide splashes of vibrant color in containers and garden beds. Whether you plant fall flowers from seed, earlier in the growing season, or put out established plants as fall draws near, the beautiful blooms will continue through early winter months.
Mums signify the arrival of fall. The hardy perennial variety will continue to produce blooms long after the summer garden withers away. Mums grow nearly anywhere they are planted, but thrive in well-draining soil with partial sunlight throughout the day. Purchase and plant pre-grown garden mum varieties between late August through September. Once winter arrives, and the plants have died off after several frosts, cut foliage off near ground level in preparation for the next fall growing season. Available in white, pink, yellow, gold, orange, red and purple, this strong fall staple will provide years of enjoyment.
Asters can provide a wealth of summer color during the cooler fall days. This petite beauty sprouts deep green foliage throughout the summer months and an array of white, pink and purple blooms from August through October. Seeds should be planted at least 3 inches apart, in well draining soil, in the early spring. Pruning stems before mid-July will encourage fuller bloom and removing spent blooms will increase production throughout the flowering season.
Russian sage makes an excellent backdrop or border for the fall garden. Growing in bush-like formations up to 3 feet tall, this drought-resistant flower sports long purple spires that emit the fragrant aroma of sage throughout the garden. Russian sage can be grown from seed at any time of the year, and takes one to four months for proper germination. Planting location should have full sun and well draining soil. Container-grown varieties should be planted from early spring to midsummer, with regular waterings to establish the root system. Once the plant is established, it becomes drought tolerant. The blooms appear in midsummer and continue through the fall months. This hardy perennial should be cut back in the spring when new growth begins to appear.
Autumn Joy Sedum
This drought-resistant perennial sports attractive silver-green foliage throughout the summer. Large, compact blooms start green, change to white then develop bold pink and fuchsia hues, which turn deep brick red for the finale. This variety of sedum can be started from seed in the fall and divided in the spring. Choose a location that provides full to partial sunlight. While it prefers moderately moist soil conditions, it can tolerate drought conditions after it is established. These plants are good choices for borders and mass plantings, Autumn Joy sedum attracts butterflies and hummingbirds and requires very little care to flourish.
Goldenrod can provide a loud burst of yellow throughout the fall garden. With tall, showy spikes and bushy foliage, this plant is equally useful in beds and borders. Enriched, well draining soil is preferable, however, goldenrod can grow in less than favorable conditions. Potted varieties should be planted at least 18 to 24 inches apart. This plant does have the ability to become invasive, so regular thinning is required to keep it under control. Blooming begins and midsummer and continues throughout the fall months, and the beauty of the goldenrod can be extended by using the vibrant bloom in floral arrangements.