Pansies add color to beds, borders and containers in your landscaping. Available in nearly any color desired, most pansies feature two or more colors on each petal and they bloom profusely throughout spring and fall. In areas with mild winters they bloom throughout the cooler months as well. After several months of blooming, pansies often produce fewer flowers or become unkempt-looking. Livening up the pansy bed so it returns to its former glory can be completed in less than an afternoon, as all they usually require is a good trimming and proper feeding.
Pinch off spent flowers or forming seed pods. Grasp the stem between your thumb and forefinger a quarter-inch below the old flower head and pinch it off. This prevents seed formation and encourages further flowering.
Remove any damaged leaves. Trim them off with small, sharp garden scissors. Cut off the leaves where they join the stem, then dispose of them. Frost-damaged leaves appear graying and dry, while normal damaged leaves may be torn or yellowing.
Trim back any stems that have become overgrown. Cut them back to the same height as the bulk of the plant, using your shears.
Fertilize with a liquid 15-2-20 analysis fertilizer every two weeks when temperatures are below 60 F. Follow fertilizer label instructions for exact application amounts, then water thoroughly after fertilizing so the top 4 inches of soil is moist.
Fertilize pansies once temperatures rise above 60 F with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer, such as a 20-20-20 analysis. Follow label instructions for exact application amounts.