Types of Grass or Sod

Lawns can be replanted with grass (seed) or sod. Sod is sold in strips or squares, and is laid out on the prepared soil bed. You can purchase sod with any type of grass. If you do not want to wait for a lawn to grow, you can lay sod, but it is more expensive than planting grass seed. You also do not have to worry about birds and other pests eating the seeds, but you do have to watch for other pests, such as slugs and other burrowing bugs.

Cool Season Grasses

If you live in an area with cold winters and hot summers, choose a cool season grass or sod. These areas have regular intervals of rain---enough to keep the cool season grass healthy. The cool season grass will tolerate occasional periods of draught by going dormant, but it should be watered if there is a long period without rain. Typical cool season grasses include Kentucky bluegrass, bentgrass, red fescue, rough bluegrass and ryegrass.

Transition Zone Grasses

The "transition zone" is the area located between the areas where cool season grasses and warm season grasses do best. The zone is in the lower elevations of North Carolina and Virginia, through West Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and Kentucky. It also includes southern Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, Kansas and Illinois. Depending on your location in the transition zone, you might have excellent luck with Kentucky bluegrass, but the best grasses are tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, thermal blue and zoysia grass.

Warm Season Grasses

Areas that need warm season grasses have their own problems---warm season grasses turn brown when it gets cooler out. In many areas of the south, it gets cool enough in the winter to turn the grass brown. There is also the problem with the soil---in many areas, the soil is sandy, and grass needs good soil to prosper. To alleviate the problem of brown grass in the winter months, many southern lawns ware overseeded with ryegrass during the winter. Lawns must also be watered at least once per week in some areas of the south. Typical warm season grasses include bahia, Bermuda grass, buffalo grass, centipede, St. Augustine, zoysia grass and carpet grass.

Keywords: cool season grass, transitional grass, warm season grass

About this Author

Cayden Conor is a family law paralegal who writes on various subjects including dogs, cockatoos and cooking. She has over 15 years of experience as a paralegal, and has been writing professionally for three years. Conor has a paralegal degree and majored in criminology, computer science (programming emphasis) and education.