Florida is a very warm-season planting area for gardeners. It has a range of USDA hardiness zones of 8 through 11, making it ideal for tropical plants. Landscaping plants in Florida are heat loving and can withstand the temperatures and humidity of the area.
Amaryllis (Hippeastrum hybrids) is a perennial. Flowers are 6-inch-wide lily-like blooms that sit on stems 18 to 20 inches tall. Leaves are dark green and like straps, 16 to 20 inches long. Colors can be white, red, orange or pink. Plant this perennial in a shady or filtered light location and in well-drained soil. Propagate by offsets from the bulbs or by seed in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 11. It is hardy in zone 8 after a layer of mulch.
Banana, or plantain (Musa x paradisiaca), is an easy-to-grow evergreen wetland perennial. It gets 7 to 25 feet high with large, fleshy leaves and clusters of flowers that develop into seedless fruits. Plant a banana plant in full sun and moist soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. Propagate via suckers or rhizome pieces in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 11.
Radicalis palm (Chamaedorea radicalis) is from the palm family and is evergreen. It will get 3 to 4 feet tall with 3-foot-long deep green leaves. Flowers are on 4- to 5-foot-long inflorescences. Plant a radicalis palm in moist, well-drained soil in partial sun or filtered light. Propagate via seed in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 11.
African Fountain Grass
African fountain grass, or tender fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum), is a drought-tolerant perennial. Flower spikes on this grass get a foot long while the grass itself gets 3 to 4 feet high. Colors of the stems, leaves and plumes will vary according to cultivar. Plant an African fountain grass in full sun or partial shade in any soil. Propagate via seed or division in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 11.
Texas palm, or Mexican palmetto (Sabal Mexicana), is an evergreen drought-tolerant wetland plant. It gets 50 feet high with a gray trunk. Fan-like leaves are on stems 15 feet long. Plant a Texas palm in any soil in partial shade/sun or full sun. Propagate via seed in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 11.