Container gardens add decorative nuances to the outdoor landscape by bring floral arrangements into the living space of patios, decks and gazebos. Rose plants can also be incorporated into this design to add beauty with fragrant blooms and vibrant foliage. Potted roses from nursery stock allow the home gardener to create a simple container garden with a single stunning plant. Potted roses require different care than their garden-bound brethren. Planting conditions within the pot need to monitored carefully to ensure the success of the rose plant.
Position the planting container in the planned location. Potted roses require large containers than can be quite difficult to move when completely filled with potting soil. Check the bottom of the pot for proper drainage holes spaced every 4 to 6 inches. Roses require very good drainage to prevent root rot.
Pour 4 inches of gravel into the bottom of the container to promote drainage. Add potting soil halfway up the container to allow plenty of room for later depth adjustment.
Clip away the plastic container holding the rose plant with the pruning shears or a sharp utility knife. Gently lift the rose where the main stem joins the root ball. Place the plant immediately into the planting container and into the soft cushion of potting soil.
Adjust the planting depth to allow roots to lie about 4 inches below the pot edge. This placement allows room to add a layer of mulch after final planting. Fill in with potting soil around the rose and tamp it down gently with your hand or the trowel.
Water around the base of the plant slowly until water trickles from the bottom of the planter. Add a 2-inch layer of mulch to help conserve moisture levels in the potting soil. Water the potted rose frequently to ensure even moisture levels throughout the planting container. Always remove standing water from drainage trays.
Direct your attention to pruning damaged, dead or dry areas on the rose bush. Clip off dried branches using the pruning shears. Make cuts at a 45-degree angle about 1/4 inch above an outward-facing bud located on the stem. Choose an area of the stem featuring two leaf sections containing five leaves.
Fertilize the potted rose with rose plant food regularly to improve plant health and promote full blooms. Container plants generally require more frequent fertilization since nutrients leach quickly through potting mediums.