How to Grow & Tend Grapevines

Overview

Grape growing isn't just about wine production. Grapes are great sources of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, and can be used in jams, jellies and grape juice. Grapes can be grown outdoors in a well-maintained garden. Grapevines can be kept for their ornamental quality as well. With good training, the vines can be maneuvered over constructs, such as a decorative trellis or a gazebo.

Planting Grapevines

Step 1

Plant the grapevine in the southern slope of the garden in an area that has the most coverage of daylight.

Step 2

Remove all the canes from the grapevine, save for the healthiest and thickest one. Cut back any broken roots or any that are much longer than the others. This will prevent rotting in the soil.

Step 3

Dig a hole that is large enough to spread out the root system without the roots bending. Dig the hole at the same depth the grapevine was planted in originally if you bought the grapevines from a nursery.

Step 4

Space the grapevines at least 6 feet apart and no greater than 8 feet apart. Cover the root system with a rich soil.

Tending to Grapevines

Step 1

Train the two strongest canes of the grapevine up a strong stake that is 5 to 6 feet tall.

Step 2

Remove sucker sprouts from the bottom of canes to keep the grapevine robust and healthy.

Step 3

Apply a 10-6-4 fertilizer at 10 pounds per 100 feet of grapevine row two weeks after planting. Repeat every spring. For a single plant, apply 1 pound per plant.

Step 4

Prune the grapevine to a single trunk growing horizontally to protect the vine in winter. Prune old vines or those that are not producing fruit, cutting away as much wood as possible.

Tips and Warnings

  • Avoid planting grapevines on northern slopes or low-lying areas, as these will be cooler and not provide enough sunlight.

Things You'll Need

  • Grapevine
  • Shovel
  • Pruning shears
  • Stake

References

  • University of Minnesota: Growing Grapes for Home Use
  • Gardening Guides: Growing Grapes
  • Ohio State University: Growing Grapes in the Home Fruit Planting
Keywords: grape growing, tending grapevines, grapevine care

About this Author

Cleveland Van Cecil is a freelancer writer specializing in technology. He has been a freelance writer for three years and has published extensively on eHow.com, writing articles on subjects as diverse as boat motors and hydroponic gardening. Van Cecil has a Bachelor of Arts in liberal arts from Baldwin-Wallace College.