How to Care for an Okra Plant


Okra, a warm season vegetable and cousin to hibiscus, grows as an annual in the United States, particularly in the South. Gardeners value the okra plant for its edible seed pods, which appear after the plant blooms in summer. Okra reaches up to 6 feet in height with proper care and requires warm temperatures to thrive. Once called gumbo, okra is a staple ingredient in the Cajun stew known by the same name. The seed pods harvested from the okra plant are used in soups and casseroles and eaten boiled or fried.

Step 1

Plant okra during spring about two to three weeks after all danger of frost has passed in your area. Choose a planting site that receives full sunlight and consists of well-drained, fertile soil. Space okra plants at least 12 inches apart.

Step 2

Water okra plants once every seven to 10 days throughout spring, summer and fall. Apply water directly to the soil to reduce the risk of disease. Never allow standing water to accumulate around okra or the plant may rot.

Step 3

Cultivate the soil surrounding okra plants with a garden tiller to remove competitive grass and weeds. Manually remove pest plants within 2 feet of okra, when possible, to avoid damaging the root system.

Step 4

Harvest okra seed pods about two months after planting and three to four days after flowers emerge. Pick only the pods that are 3 to 4 inches long, as longer okra becomes tough and stringy. Harvest once every two days to avoid depletion.

Step 5

Fertilize okra immediately after the first harvest to prolong the flowering season and increase seed pod yield. Use a balanced 10-10-10 NPK fertilizer to provide adequate nutrition. Apply following the manufacturer's directions.

Things You'll Need

  • Garden tiller
  • Fertilizer


  • Texas Agricultural Extension Service: Easy Gardening--Okra
  • Iowa State University Horticulture and Home Pest News: Growing Okra in the Home Garden
  • "1001 Hints & Tips for Your Garden"; Reader's Digest Association; 1996
Keywords: okra plant, okra cultivation, care for okra

About this Author

Willow Sidhe is a freelance writer living in the beautiful Hot Springs, AR. She is a certified aromatherapist with a background in herbalism. She has extensive experience gardening, with a specialty in indoor plants and herbs. Sidhe's work has been published on numerous Web sites, including