Hydroponics is the method of growing plants without soil. To give the growing plant the correct nutrition, the plant's roots is soaked in a nutrient solution that makes it grow. Hydroponics requires less room that traditional planting, and if done correctly, can be quite cheap. Hydroponics makes cloning a plant, by taking a cutting from a mature plant, fairly easy. The nutrient solution gives you the ability to keep a tight control over the cutting's environment.
Taking your cutting
Take a cutting from your mother plant that is 3 to 6 inches long with at least one leaf node, where the leaf meets the branch, attached.
Cut off the bottom two leaves of your cutting with a razor knife then cut 1/4 inc below the lowest leaf node you just cut off. Cut at a 45 -degree angle.
Dip the bottom portion of your cutting into a small glass filled with the rooting hormone. Let the cutting soak in the hormone for at least 30 and no more than 60 seconds.
Place your cutting into your growing medium, such as vermiculite or rockwool, Push the cutting in so that the two leaf nodes you cut are below the surface. Pack the growing medium around the cutting.
Spray your cutting with water from a spray bottle and place the cutting, with the growing medium, into your seed tray. Spray the inside of the humidity dome and cover your cutting.
Spray the cutting by removing the humidity dome two to three times a day.
Turn on your t5 fluorescent lights and place them 1 to 2 inches above the cutting. Keep this on 18 to 24 hours each day.
Water the cutting with distilled water every two days to keep the roots healthy.
About this Author
Cleveland Van Cecil is a freelancer writer specializing in technology. He has been a freelance writer for three years and has published extensively on eHow.com, writing articles on subjects as diverse as boat motors and hydroponic gardening. Van Cecil has a Bachelor of Arts in liberal arts from Baldwin-Wallace College.