Care for Canary Island Date Palm

Overview

The Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis) is a large palm tree that reaches a height of 40 to 60 feet and a spread of 20 to 25 feet. This date palm is best grown in tropical and subtropical climates, where minimum winter temperatures stay warmer than 25 degrees F. Canary Island date palms can be container-grown in colder climates. This palm has spiny, feather-like leaves and a heavy trunk. The Canary Island date palm enjoys high humidity and average daytime temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees.

Step 1

Spread a 2-to-3-inch layer of bark mulch on the ground covering the root area of your Canary Island date palm. The mulch will help to keep weeds at bay and retain soil moisture.

Step 2

Water your date palm deeply every day for the first two weeks after planting, and then gradually reduce watering to twice a week during the first two months. Afterward, water your palm deeply to soak the soil down to the roots two or three times each week during the growing season to supplement rainfall and once or twice each month during the winter.

Step 3

Feed your Canary Island date palm once in the spring, once in the summer and again in early fall. Apply a complete slow-release palm tree fertilizer according to the instructions on the package.

Step 4

Prune away all dead or older fronds from your date palm. Cut away only dead, brown fronds, making your pruning cuts about 3 to 6 inches from the trunk.

Tips and Warnings

  • Don't bury the trunk when you're planting your Canary Island date palm, because this will cause the trunk to rot. Plant your date palm tree at the same depth that it was planted in the nursery container, so that the base of the trunk is right at the ground level.

Things You'll Need

  • Bark mulch
  • Slow-release palm tree fertilizer
  • Pruning tools
  • Mycorrhizal fungi

References

  • Paradise Palm Co.: General Planting & Care Instructions
  • TreeHelp.com: Maintaining a Palm Tree

Who Can Help

  • PlantCare.com: Canary Island Date Palm
Keywords: date palm tree, plant date palm, grow Canary Island palm, Phoenix canariensis

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.