Florida's moist, subtropical climate is an ideal environment for a wide variety of warm season grasses. Warm season grasses grow only during the warm summer months and become dormant during the cool winter months; unlike cool season grasses that typically grow year round. Some popular lawn grasses in Florida include bahiagrass, Bermuda, centipede and zoysia grass.
Bahiagrass is a hardy, warm-season grass resistant to drought, insects and disease. Bahiagrass has a coarse texture, prefers direct sunlight and is found in coastal areas throughout Florida. Bahiagrass is a slow-growing grass that doesn't require frequent fertilization and prefers a cut height of 2 to 4 inches.
Bermuda grass is a medium textured, drought-resistant, warm-season grass that is fast growing and easy to establish in direct sunlight and well-fertilized, well-irrigated soil conditions. This turfgrass is popular for Florida's athletic fields, golf courses and recreational areas because it has an extremely high tolerance for foot traffic. Cut Bermuda grass short, to a length of 1/2 to 2 inches.
Centipede grass is a low, slow-growing grass that when grown in direct sunlight and well drained soil produces a dense, weed-free lawn turf. This hardy, medium-textured lawn grass is popular for home lawn environments because it requires little fertilizing, aerating and mowing, and has very few pest, disease or weed problems.
Zoysia grass is a warm season grass native to southeast Asia and commonly found on the Atlantic coast of Florida. Zoysia grass is a slow-growing lawn grass that is tolerant of drought, shade, cold temperatures and high traffic. It prefers weekly watering, frequent fertilizing, and a short cut-height of 1 to 2 inches. Zoysia's dense root structure does not tolerate overseeding or mixing with other lawn-grass species.