New Jersey's temperate coastal climate and well-drained sandy soils are a haven for gardeners, while the state's protected Pine Barrens and coastal regions are home to an array of beautiful wildflowers, many of them rare and endangered. Yellow blossoms for New Jersey gardens include the small and pale Delaware sacred tobacco and the deep-toned black-eyed Susan, while varieties of orchids and asters kiss bogs and woodlands with drops of sunny gold.
Pine Barrens Plants
Bog asphodel (Narthecuim americanum) is a low-growing plant that spreads in mats in bogs and blooms in spiky yellow candles in late June. Protected as a threatened species, it grows only in the New Jersey Pine Barrens. The yellow fringed orchid (Plantenthera cilarius) is a protected endangered species, according to lists maintained by the Native Plant Society of New Jersey, and it thrives in the Pine Barrens wetlands and bogs. The sickle-leaved aster (Chrysopsis falceta) has sunny yellow-rayed flowers that bloom in August, and grows in the open sandy areas of the Pine Barrens.
Tobacco and Cactus
The Delaware Sacred Indian Nicotiana grows wild in sandy, open areas of New Jersey, but as the University of Florida Extensions advises, tobacco also makes a delightful container or garden border plant for ornamental or recreational smoking use. Its low spreading leaves and soft, pale-yellow flowers are a lovely, gentle counterpoint to flashy perennials blooming in mid- to late summer. New Jersey's sandy soil also is home to the prickly pear cactus (Opuntia humifusa) with its flat blades covered with sharp spines and a glossy yellow poppy-like blossom in May and June.
Coastal Region Plants
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbekia hirta) is the most common American wildflower, according to the Cape Atlantic Conservation District, and it thrives in New Jersey's coastal regions. The tall coneflower (Rudbekia laciniata), is also prevalent along the New Jersey shore, blooming July to September with longer, more widely-spaced petals than the black-eyed Susan, and a brilliant green center. Golden heather ((Hudsonia ericoides) forms low-growing mats blooming in a gold carpet from May to July behind dunes and in sandy areas. Golden heather and both Rudbekias make superb native landscape plants in New Jersey, mixing well with other native plants or anchoring yellow-blooming shrubs like forsythia and witch hazel.