Nature lovers can find a large assortment of maple trees in Indiana. Maples are popular as shades tree for both residential and commercial landscaping. During the fall, many types of maple trees in Indiana provide an array of splendid colors. Some of the maple trees are used for maple syrup production.
The silver maple tree is distinguishable by the silver color on the underside of the leaves. Young silver maple trees have silver in the bark that turns red as the tree ages. Bend the twigs on silver maple trees and you will notice a distinctive, slightly unpleasant odor. This perennial maple tree in Indiana grows an average height of 45 feet in 20 years in moist soils with a pH of 4.0 to 7.3. According to the Massachusetts Maple Producers Organization, the silver maple tree is seldom used for commercial tapping and seen most often as an ornamental tree for commercial landscaping.
The mountain maple tree is slightly smaller than some other types of maples found in Indiana. The average height of the mountain maple tree is 25 feet in 20 years. Like other maples, the tree grows well in moist soils with a pH of 4.8 to 7.0. Some horticulturists view the mountain maple tree as more of a shrub than an actual tree. Because of its size, the mountain maple tree is not used for tapping to produce maple syrup.
Like the mountain maple, the Norway maple tree is a good ornamental tree. The tree is tolerant of air pollutants and has a shallow root system, making it ideal for commercial landscaping. The Norway maple tree grows in Indiana. However, the tree is native to Europe and came to the United States in 1756. A distinguishable feature of the Norway maple tree is the sap color. Most maple tree saps are clear. The Norway maple tree sap is milk-white.