You do not have to give up on cooking with fresh herbs just because your garden is frozen over. A number of herbs can be grown (even by the novice gardener) in your home. While many fare quite well, not all herbs should be grown indoors. Some have root structures that are large enough to be prohibitive of this method of growth, so choose carefully before planting. Some herbs that thrive in indoor container gardens are rosemary, mint, basil, chives and winter savory.
Choose a location in your home that remains around 65 to 70 degrees during the day. It can be a bit cooler at night but the temperatures should not drop below 50 degrees. Some herbs, including rosemary, cannot tolerate temperatures below 50. Southern windows are usually a nice sunny spot for potted herbs. Most of these plants will need at least six hours of direct sunlight a day.
Plant the herbs in pots with drainage holes to avoid root rot. Drop a handful of pebbles into the bottom of the pot to aid drainage, and choose a high-quality potting soil that is both porous and lightweight. This type of mixture allows water to pass through easily. Garden soil is not recommended for indoor use. Consider using additives such as pumice or vermiculite for drainage. Compost may also be added to improve soil quality.
Group potted herbs together in a windowsill to increase humidity, or spray herbs lightly with water each day. Herbs that are kept indoors will need both humidity and adequate air circulation. This can be a tricky balance to maintain. Watch plants closely for mold growth. Consider running a fan nearby to keep the air moving, or open a window in an adjoining room.
Fertilize herbs sparingly as over-fertilization may result in undesired tastes and aromas. Use a small amount of water-soluble fertilizer no more than once every two weeks.
Water herbs when the soil is dry to the touch. Some herbs such as bay and sage should dry out a day or two more than others between watering days.