You might imagine that fall and winter are a time of dreary, gray landscapes and that colorful, bright flowers are only for warmer months. There are many flowers, however, that serve as a bright burst of sunshine to the colorless landscape of winter. These hardy bloomers begin emerging in fall to last through the cold months. Many of these flowers are also easy to grow and provide bright-green foliage to complement the flowers.
Hellebore is a fall and winter blooming perennial flower with a moderate growth rate. Their course texture and erect, clumping form looks lovely planted along a front walkway or in a perennial garden. Hellebores grow up to 3 feet tall and wide, and they are spreading plants. The dark-green leaves on the hellebore are shiny and fringed with shallow teeth. Hellebores blooms are saucer-shaped and grow over 2 inches wide. Their bright bloom colors include pink, white, lavender, yellow and green. Hellebores prefer well-drained, humus-rich soil that is neutral to alkaline. These low maintenance perennials also prefer light to moderate shade and tolerate humidity and heat. Hellebores bloom through the winter snow to add a burst of color to the gray landscapes of fall and winter. Prune hellebore stems back after blooming to promote new growth. These hardy blooms can be divided after flowering to create more plants along the landscape. They can be planted in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 9.
Kaffir lilies are hardy perennials that begin flowering in the fall to last into the winter. Their upright form grows in clumps that require 12 inches of space between each flower. Kaffir lilies grow 18 to 36 inches tall and look striking tucked along a flower bed for color. Their bright blooms are grown in a wide range of colors including pink, red, salmon and white. Their upright stems are bright green and contrast with the colorful flowers. Kaffir lilies require full sun and well-drained, moist soil. They grow well in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11.
The winter daffodil is a low-growing perennial flower that begins blooming in the fall to last through winter. Winter daffodils grow between 6 and 8 inches tall and have small yellow flowers. These tough perennials are ideal along a rock garden or planted in a front flower bed because of their low growth and spreading ability. After flowering, the winter daffodil produces crocus-like leaves that appear in tiny clusters with teeth-like edging. Winter daffodils require full sun and a 5-inch planting depth to grow. These tough perennials prefer moist, well-drained soils. They also tolerate a wide range of soils, including clay. They grow in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 11.