Garden plants in Georgia definitely need to be able to take the heat and humidity of the South and revel in the mild winters. Georgia falls in USDA hardiness zones of 6 to 8, so all garden plants used in the area should be within that variance. Some of the different plants you can find in Georgia are typical in most areas of the South.
Phytolacca americana, the pokeweed or poke salad, is from the Phytolaccaceae family. It is a perennial that attracts birds. Leaves are 6 to 12 inches long and flowers are 6 to 10 inches in racemes. Berries are purple-black in the summer. The entire plant will get 8 to 12 feet high and 3 to 6 feet wide. Plant a Phytolacca americana in full sun to partial shade with regular watering. Propagate via seed or root sections in USDA hardiness zones of 2 through 11.
Carex pendula, the drooping sedge or weeping sedge, is from the Cyperaceae family. It is a wetland perennial. Leaves are 3 to 4 feet long and dark green with flower spikes 3 to 6 inches long. Plant a Carex pendula in partial to near full shade with regular watering in moist soil. Propagate via seed or rhizome division in USDA hardiness zones of 5 through 9.
Coronilla varia, the crown vetch, is from the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family. It is a fast-growing perennial vine. Leaves are 1 foot long and feathery with flowers in pink, purple or white. Seed pods are 2 to 4 inches long. Plant a crown vetch in full sun with regular watering. Propagate via seed in USDA hardiness zones of 4 through 9.
Echinacea purpurea, the purple coneflower, is from the Asteraceae/Compositae family. It is a fast growing, easy-to-grow perennial that attracts butterflies. Leaves are dark green and 3 to 8 inches long. Flowers are like daisies, purple, and 3 inches wide. The plant can reach 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Plant a purple coneflower in full or partial sun. Propagate via seed or division in USDA hardiness zones of 3 through 9.