Native to Australia, the eucalyptus tree cannot tolerate temperatures under 50 degrees F for long periods. The good news is that there are varieties of eucalyptus that can be grown in pots and over-wintered indoors. The eucalyptus tree is a fast grower, generally putting on 6 to 12 feet per year. When choosing your eucalyptus tree, horticulturalist Ian Barclay suggests looking for a small tree that is sturdy and not pot-bound. If there are roots coming out of the bottom of the pot, choose another plant. He also says that you should plant the tree immediately after purchase. Plant your eucalyptus tree in mid-spring to give it plenty of time to become established prior to winter.
Choose a location in your yard that gets lots of sun and in which the eucalyptus tree will have adequate room to grow.
Work the soil with the gardening fork to remove any large clods of soil and debris such as rocks. Amending the soil is neither necessary nor recommended.
Water the area well.
Dig a hole 2 inches shallower than the depth of the pot in which the eucalyptus tree has been growing, and twice the width.
Remove the eucalyptus tree from the pot and gently loosen and untangle the roots.
Fan the roots out in all directions on the bottom of the planting hole and then fill with soil. Tamp down on the soil at the base of the tree with your hands or feet.
Water the tree well, allowing the water to puddle. Water as often as necessary to keep the soil moist, not soggy, until the tree has grown several feet. You can then allow the top inch of soil to dry prior to watering again.