Growing pole lima beans is not only space efficient, but will add an interesting landscape visual to your vegetable garden. By placing poles in a tepee fashion, then planting the large seeds near the base of the poles, the vining plants will reach upward toward the sun. This method of cultivation allows a small space to produce a large amount of beans. The vines, while elevated from the soil, aid in keeping down moisture problems that may plague bush-type varieties.
Lay the five wooden poles on the ground. The end of the poles should be aligned with each other.
Wrap the 18-inch piece of galvanized wire around the poles, approximately 12 inches down from one end. Twist the two ends of the wire together. The poles should be tight together at the top where the wire is holding the poles together.
Stand the poles upright. Set the poles in the area where you will be making the pole lima bean planting. Spread the poles, one at a time, outward from the center. The poles should be approximately 12 inches to 18 inches from each other in a circular pattern.
Push the end of the poles, setting on the garden bed, into the soil approximately 6 inches deep. This will hold the wooden pole tepee in place.
Use the hand cultivator and work up the soil around the wooden poles.
Plant four lima bean pole seeds around each wooden pole. This will equal 20 seeds for each wooden pole tepee you want to erect for the garden area.
Water the seeds into the soil. Most bean seeds will germinate in three to five days after planting if the soil temperature is warm enough. The pole lima beans will naturally wrap themselves around the poles as they grow.