Bamboo plants are a favorite among many people because they are low-maintenance and can be grown indoors, with little light. True bamboos can't be grown in water containers without soil. However, there are varieties called lucky bamboo that are bred specifically for growing in a water container. These are the type that are easiest to care for and coveted by many people.
Fill a container with at least 1 inch of water. Bamboos are sensitive to chemicals including chlorine, so it is best to use distilled water. If you don't have distilled water, leave tap water sitting out for 24 hours before putting it in the bamboo container.
Set the bamboo in the center of the container. Use decorative stones to hold the plant in place. Lay the stones around the bamboo on all sides.
Place the bamboo in a location that gets bright, filtered light. If you have to choose between the two--the plant does better with less light than too much sunlight.
Keep the plant away from heating or air conditioning units. Lucky bamboo prefers temperatures between 65 and 90 degrees F.
Change the water once a week. Dump out the old water and add fresh water. Do not let leaves rot in the water container. If you notice brown wilting leaves, the water is likely polluted and should be changed immediately.
Feed bamboo in water containers monthly. Put one drop of liquid food in the water. You can purchase a fertilizer made specifically for lucky bamboo plants.