Kinds of Shrubs

There are many varieties of shrubs to grow for a colorful and long lasting garden. Shrubs are diverse, varying in size, color and shape. While some are drought tolerant and withstand periods of limited moisture, others require moist soil. Shrubs are ideal along the front of a home or nestled along a garden bed to help add color and texture. Evergreen shrubs have the capability to keep their foliage all year long, even in the winter, and look lovely lining a front walk for striking color.

Butterfly Bush

The butterfly bush is a deciduous bush with a rapid growth rate. This large shrub has arching branches filled with small, fragrant blooms. Beginning in the summer the blooms emerge in a range of colors, including lilac, white, yellow and pink. The flowers are rounded and grow up to 10 inches wide. The bluish-green leaves are long and grow between 4 and 10 inches. Butterfly shrubs prefer full sun and moist, well-drained soils, although they can withstand periods of drought. Butterfly bushes are also easy to transplant and attract bumblebees and butterflies, hence the name. The USDA hardiness zone is 5 to 9.


This evergreen shrub has a slow to moderate growth rate. The upright, pyramidal shape is dense in form and has leathery, dark green leaves ranging from 2 to 4 inches long and oblong in shape. The semi-double to double blooms emerge in winter and spring and produce a wide range of flower colors including white, red, pink and rose. Camellia shrubs grow up to 15 feet in height and 10 feet wide and remain green all winter long. They prefer partial shade and well-drained soil that is nutrient-laden. The USDA hardiness zone is 7 to 9.


This striking deciduous shrub has bright yellow flowers that emerge in late winter to early spring to last through the end of spring. Forsythia shrubs grow up to 6 feet tall and wide and can be grown around the yard for vibrant color. The stiff, spreading form has medium texture and small green leaves. Forsythia shrubs prefer full sun to partial shade and loose soil but can withstand adverse conditions--in fact, forsythia is a drought-tolerant shrub. The USDA hardiness zone is 4 to 7.

Keywords: shrub varieties, kinds of shrubs, camellia blooms, forsythia shrub, butterfly bush

About this Author

Callie Barber is a writer and photographer in North Carolina. Her work has appeared in Forbes and Automotive News magazine. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in international studies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.