Bean Planting


Beans are a warm-weather legume. There are two main varieties grown in the home garden--snap beans and shelled beans. Snap beans, also known as green beans, grow as either a vine or a bush and are grown for their tender, edible pods. Shelling beans are harvested once the beans inside are mature and dry then stored and cooked as a dry bean. Plant beans the same way regardless of the variety you are growing. Plant most beans outdoors once all danger of spring frost has passed in your area.

Step 1

Prepare a full-sun garden bed for planting that isn't prone to standing water. Lay a 2-inch layer of compost over the bed and turn it into the top 6 to 8 inches of soil using a spade or hoe.

Step 2

Plant bean seeds 1 1/2 to 2 inches deep in rows. Space bush beans 2 inches apart and pole beans 4 inches apart. Space the rows 2 to 3 feet apart.

Step 3

Install a 6-foot stake behind each bean planting for pole beans. Alternately, erect a trellis or other support system. The pole beans will climb the support without any aid from you.

Step 4

Water the beans as needed to keep the soil moist. Beans usually require 1 inch of water in a single weekly deep watering, but they may need lightly more or less depending on weather conditions.

Step 5

Fertilize beans by applying 3 tbsp. of fertilizer per 10-foot row. Use a balanced 10-10-10 analysis fertilizer.

Tips and Warnings

  • Weeds can choke out bean plants, but bean roots are so near the surface that cultivating the soil to prevent weeds can damage them. Lay down a 2-inch layer of mulch to prevent weed germination.

Things You'll Need

  • Bean seeds
  • Compost
  • Spade
  • Hoe
  • Stakes


  • Arizona Cooperative Extension: Beans
Keywords: bean planting, growing legumes, growing bean seeds

About this Author

Jenny Harrington has been a freelance writer since 2006. Her published articles have appeared in various print and online publications, including the "Dollar Stretcher." Previously, she owned her own business, selling handmade items online, wholesale and at crafts fairs. Harrington's specialties include small business information, crafting, decorating and gardening.