Beans are a warm-weather legume. There are two main varieties grown in the home garden--snap beans and shelled beans. Snap beans, also known as green beans, grow as either a vine or a bush and are grown for their tender, edible pods. Shelling beans are harvested once the beans inside are mature and dry then stored and cooked as a dry bean. Plant beans the same way regardless of the variety you are growing. Plant most beans outdoors once all danger of spring frost has passed in your area.
Prepare a full-sun garden bed for planting that isn't prone to standing water. Lay a 2-inch layer of compost over the bed and turn it into the top 6 to 8 inches of soil using a spade or hoe.
Plant bean seeds 1 1/2 to 2 inches deep in rows. Space bush beans 2 inches apart and pole beans 4 inches apart. Space the rows 2 to 3 feet apart.
Install a 6-foot stake behind each bean planting for pole beans. Alternately, erect a trellis or other support system. The pole beans will climb the support without any aid from you.
Water the beans as needed to keep the soil moist. Beans usually require 1 inch of water in a single weekly deep watering, but they may need lightly more or less depending on weather conditions.
Fertilize beans by applying 3 tbsp. of fertilizer per 10-foot row. Use a balanced 10-10-10 analysis fertilizer.