How to Germinate Green Coffee Beans

Overview

The coffee plant is native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa. Coffee plants produce bright red "cherries," which contain the coffee beans. The green coffee beans are seeds that you can germinate to produce a new coffee plant. Green coffee beans are difficult and slow to germinate, so be sure to start with at least 10 beans to increase your odds of getting one to germinate properly and grow into a coffee plant. Thankfully, after you get a green coffee bean to germinate and sprout into a plant, the coffee plant is easy to grow.

Step 1

Soak the green coffee beans in water for about 24 hours. Remove only the beans that have developed a small, white bump on their ends and discard the others.

Step 2

Fill 4-inch planter pots that have drainage holes in the bottom with lightweight potting soil mixed with vermiculite. Plant two seeds in each pot, with the flat side down and about 1 to 1 ½ inches deep into the potting mix.

Step 3

Water the planter pots until you see the water draining from the bottom drainage holes. Spread clear plastic wrap over the pots.

Step 4

Place the pots in bright, indirect sunlight. Keep the air temperatures warm around the green coffee beans, around 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Step 5

Water the seeds lightly once every two or three days to keep the potting soil moist but not wet.

Tips and Warnings

  • Do not overwater your green coffee beans, but strive to keep the soil evenly moistened at all times. Due to the long duration prior to sprouting, the beans often rot before they can sprout.

Things You'll Need

  • Planter pots, 4-inch diameter
  • Potting soil
  • Vermiculite
  • Plastic wrap

References

  • Talk About Coffee: Grow Your Own Coffee Bean at Home
  • The Coffee FAQ: Growing Your Own Coffee

Who Can Help

  • A to Z Wellness: Discover How to Grow Coffee
Keywords: grow coffee plant, germinate coffee seed, green coffee bean

About this Author

Sarah Terry brings 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters, and a plethora of how-to articles. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals.