Due to its central location, the state of Kansas experiences a vast range of temperatures throughout the year. With its rich soil, this state supports many varieties of plants, in addition to the well-known wheat fields and other crops that stretch across much of Kansas. Certain types of evergreen trees thrive in the soil and climate of Kansas. Evergreens grace many individual landscapes, as well as area farmland. Farmers often select evergreen trees to provide windbreaks along fields and pastures.
Eastern Red Cedar
The Eastern Red Cedar provides shelter to many small birds and animals in Kansas. This native tree produces small, blue seed balls. These bits of nourishment provide birds with necessary nutrients during the winter months. The female Eastern Red Cedars produce these blue balls, while the male trees produce small pinecones. These tiny cones release pollen late in the year. Some Kansas cedar trees suffer from a fungus called Cedar Apple Rust. Many area orchardists despise this disease that originates on cedar trees, because it can spread to apple trees.
Many areas of Kansas exhibit dry, arid soil. The Austrian Pine adapts well to these dry areas of Kansas due to its ability to withstand both drought and alkaline soils. Do not plant this tree in areas of wet soil or high humidity.
Rocky Mountain Juniper
The Rocky Mountain Juniper tree grows very well in western Kansas. However, the central and eastern sections of Kansas experience levels of moisture and humidity levels too high for this arid evergreen.
Eastern White Pine
Areas of Kansas that experience high amounts of rainfall provide favorable conditions for the Eastern White Pine tree. These evergreens require moist, well-drained soil for healthy growth. Eastern White Pine trees make attractive trees in landscapes but do not survive strong winds.
The Ponderosa Pine is an evergreen variety that thrives in areas with soil high in alkaline and saline. However, this tree suffers from infestations of pine tip moths. Some varieties of Ponderosa Pine show better resistance to this pest than others. Planting this evergreen variety in humid areas of Kansas increases the risk of disease and illness.