One of the most frustrating things any homeowner can face is having a yard that never seems to flourish or produce the type of results the homeowner expects. This is why choosing the right lawn grass can be very important. If you have no idea how different grasses may react to your particular conditions, then seeding or sodding becomes nothing but a matter of chance and could cost you thousands of dollars.
There are two basic types of grasses: warm-season and cool-season grasses. In order to choose the right grass, you must be aware of the zone in which you live. Cool-season grasses typically thrive in Northern climates and states. Warm-season grasses often do well in the Southern tier of states. In between, there is a transition zone, which typically includes an entirely different set of grasses.
If you live in an area that does not get a great deal of water, or that has water restrictions that prohibit you from watering adequately, then you need to choose a grass that is drought tolerant. Smooth brome and crested wheatgrass are a couple of cooler-season grasses that tend to be drought tolerant. Bermuda grass is a good choice for a warm-season grass that can resist droughts.
Most grasses prefer a sunny area, but if you have some trees on your lawn or it simply does not get a great deal of sunlight, there are some grasses that will work better for you. Good shade-tolerant grasses include Bermuda and fescue. In addition, St. Augustine is a warm-season grass and bent grass is a cool-season grass that can be used in partial shade with some degree of success.
Many homeowners prefer to mix a cool-season perennial with a warm-season annual. This may provide a full look to the lawn no matter what time of year it is. However, for easier care, the transition zone grasses may be better. Good transition zone grasses include Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass.
Even if you have a full lawn throughout the growing season, there is always the chance that invasive species could make the job of maintaining your yard difficult. Therefore, make sure to always inspect your lawn and watch for weeds, no matter what species of grass you choose. Some grass species, such as Bermuda grass, are more aggressive than others and may even be considered a weed species by some. Such grasses are hardly ever overwhelmed. Tall fescue is a good weed-resistant choice for cool climates