Zamioculcas, more commonly known as ZZ plant, is a tropical houseplant prized for its attractive, glossy foliage and ease of care. The plant is native to eastern Africa and needs warm temperatures year round to thrive. For this reason, Zamioculcas is almost always grown indoors in the United States. The ZZ plant is drought tolerant because of its rhizomatous roots that allow it to store water and it can tolerate low light conditions that would kill other plants. The ZZ plant is a slow grower, but will flourish for years when given the proper care.
Place ZZ plant in an area that receives bright, indirect sunlight. Although the plant will tolerate low light conditions, it will perform even better in filtered light. Keep Zamioculcas out of direct sunlight, as this will burn its delicate foliage.
Keep the plant at a constant temperature of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Normal household temperatures are usually adequate for the survival of Zamioculcas. Keep a thermometer near the plant to ensure the temperature never leaves the recommended range.
Apply water about once every 10 to 14 days, allowing the soil to dry thoroughly between applications. The plant's stalks hold water and too much moisture in the soil can cause the leaves to yellow or the roots to rot.
Feed ZZ plant once per month using a balanced houseplant fertilizer according to the manufacturer's instructions. Wait until the plant needs water before feeding. Apply the fertilizer and then water thoroughly to prevent root injury.
Propagate Zamioculcas by cutting a leaf and stem from an established plant. Place the cutting, stem side down, into a plastic container filled with moist sand. Cover the container and place in indirect light. Keep the soil moist and the cutting will form a tuber within a year. Once a new leaf emerges, place the plant in a pot filled with well-drained potting soil.